Acne Treatment: That Really Works
Double chin is the excessive amount of fat that is present around your chin and neck area. It results in abnormal chubbiness around your jaws. Excess fat might make you appear overweight and older.
There are several treatments and procedures available today. Depending on your skin condition, your dermatologist or surgeon will decide which treatment plan will best suit you.
What is Acne?
What causes acne? Pimples form on your skin when the oil and dead skin cells on your skin combine to create a plug that blocks the pores. Generally, your skin sheds its dead cells naturally.
But finding the proper treatment for yourself is the most challenging part. With the help of your dermatologist, you can find an acne treatment regimen that’s best for your skin.
Sometimes the bacteria Cutibacterium acnes also gets trapped in the pore, where it starts to multiply. These acne bacteria naturally live on the skin but overgrow within this plugged follicle. As a result, the area becomes red, inflamed and this is when you start to notice pustules, papules, and cystic lesions.
At times your body produces a lot of sebum oil. As a result, the cells can get clogged, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD).
What is more frustrating is the fact you still need to deal with acne. Adult acne can be a very serious thing, and it can affect people in their 20s and 30s and even well past their 50s. And if you think blackheads and whiteheads are annoying, the deep painful pimples that are seen in adult acne are much more aggravating and harder to get rid of.
In severe cases, talk to your dermatologists to find out which acne treatments could be the most effective on your type of pimples.
Medications Applied Topically for Acne Treatment
Your dermatologist may suggest some non-prescription medications for your acne scars. Depending on the conditions like severity, your age, the type of acne you have and how effective the over-the-counter remedies have been – your doctor might prescribe stronger prescription medications.
Various therapies and medications are effective for treating acne.
Your dermatologist might suggest different therapies and medications that are effective for treating acne. They target the underlying factors that actually contribute to acne treatment. You might require multiple of them, depending on the severity of your condition.
The use of certain contraceptives in women might sometimes help acne go away. The Food and Drug Administration has approved different types of birth control pills to treat acne. All contain a combination of estrogen and progesterone (a natural steroid that helps regulate menstruation).
Medications applied topically:
1 Salicylic acid
It is available over-the-counter for acne in the form of a cleanser or lotion. It helps remove your top layer of damaged skin. Salicylic acid effectively dissolves dead skin cells, thus preventing your hair follicles from clogging.
You will find it an active ingredient in many products labeled “acne wash” or “spot treatment.” Salicylic acid is chemically a beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) that works by dissolving the excess oil on your skin. After that it gently exfoliates the dead skin cells.
The acid also has anti-inflammatory properties. It is helpful in the case of inflamed cystic breakouts that can occur when there are blockages deep in the hair follicles rupture beneath your skin. It is totally fine to use salicylic acid in a face wash. You can get better results when using it as a moisturizer, toner, or leave-on spot treatment because it gets more time to do its work. And keep in mind if over-applied salicylic acid can dry out your skin.
2 Benzoyl peroxide
It is available as an over-the-counter product as a leave-on gel or washes. It helps target the surface bacteria, which often aggravates acne. Wash formulations and lower concentrations are less irritating to your skin. Irritation due to dryness is a common side effect.
It is a vitamin A derivative that can break up blackheads and whiteheads. Retinoid also helps to prevent clogged pores which is the first sign of acne. You need to know these medications are not spot treatments and you must use them on the entire area of your skin affected by acne to prevent the formation of new pimples.
These forms of vitamins are also efficient at clearing up acne. Retinoids cause your skin cells to turn over faster, decrease oil production, and help the skin exfoliate. The common side effect is irritation, which you can improve with moisturizers and time on the medication.
Antibiotics topical types can control surface bacteria that increase and often encourage the swelling of acne. You can expect better results when antibiotics are combined with benzoyl peroxide.
Acne Treatment Other Therapies
Depending on your condition, your dermatologist might suggest one of these specialized therapies. These could include steroids, laser treatment, or even chemical peel.
These therapies are generally combined with medication to have a better effect.
For some people, these therapies might be helpful, either used alone or in combination with medications.
1 Chemical Peels
It is a popular method as the treatment uses special chemicals to remove the top layer of your old skin. This procedure requires repeated applications of a chemical solution like salicylic acid, retinoic acid, or glycolic acid. This treatment is effective for mild acne.
Typically when the top layer is removed, the new skin that grows in its place is smoother and can lessen acne scars. The procedure might improve the appearance of your skin, though the change might not be long lasting. And you might need repeated treatments.
2 Steroid Injections
At times steroids can be used to treat severe acne. They are injected into large nodules with the purpose of reducing inflammation.
Cystic lesions and nodular acne can be treated by injecting a steroid drug into them. This therapy has resulted in rapid improvement and decreased pain. Side effects may include skin thinning and discoloration in the treated area.
Recently lasers have become a primary treatment option to treat acne scars. A laser will deliver heat to the scarred collagen located under the skin. The therapy relies on your body’s wound healing response to create new, healthy collagen. As a result, there is the growth of new skin to replace it.
You can find different types of laser resurfacing – ablative and non-ablative. Your dermatologist will examine your scar and then determine which type is best for your skin type and the nature of the acne scars.
Acne Treatment Using Laser
Laser treatment for your acne scars aims to minimize the appearance of the scars. About 95% of the people who have acne have some residual scarring.
Laser treatment for treating acne scars focuses light on the top layers of your skin to break up the scar tissues. At the same time, the treatment encourages healthy skin cells to grow and replace scar tissue.
This laser treatment does not completely remove the scars but can reduce their appearance and minimize pain. If you have active acne, a very wrinkled skin, or darker skin tone – you might not be a good candidate for this treatment. Only your dermatologist or doctor can tell if laser treatment for scars is a good treatment option for you.
Laser Treatment – How it works
Laser treatment for acne scarring functions in two ways.
First, the heat from the laser device works to remove the top layer of your skin where a scar has been formed. As this top layer peels off, your skin appears smoother, and the appearance of the scar is less visible and noticeable.
As the scar tissue breaks away, heat and light from the laser encourage new, healthy skin cells to grow in its place. Blood flow increases and is drawn to the area by the heat of the laser. Inflammation is reduced as blood vessels in the scar are targeted.
All of these processes combine to make your scars look less raised and red, giving them a smaller appearance. The procedure also promotes the healing of your skin.
Laser Treatment – Procedure
Some common kinds of lasers your doctor will use for acne scarring are carbon dioxide (CO2) lasers, erbium YAG lasers, and pulsed-dye lasers. Each of these devices works differently to target the type of scarring that you have.
1 Ablative laser resurfacing
Ablative resurfacing uses carbon dioxide CO2 or an erbium YAG laser. This kind of laser treatment focuses on removing the entire top layer of your skin in the area where you have scarring. Only after three to ten days the redness from ablative lasers starts to subside.
2 Non-ablative laser resurfacing
Infrared lasers are used for this type of laser treatment. The heat from these lasers stimulates collagen production in your skin and encourages new cell growth to replace the scarred, damaged tissue.
3 Fractionated laser treatment
Fractional lasers aim at stimulating the tissue underneath your scar to remove cells that are darkly pigmented. These darkly pigmented cells are located just underneath the top layer of your skin. Icepick and boxcar scars sometimes respond well to this kind of laser treatment.
Acne Treatment FAQs
FAQs on acne treatment are perhaps one of the best ways to help you understand more about the topic.
Acne, as you know, is not a serious health threat, but it can cause scars. Acne treatment can include home remedies and other therapies that can reduce both inflammation and scarring.
Q1 Can acne be prevented?
You can prevent acne, which could be a difficult task but not impossible, especially during normal hormonal changes. But some things can help:
1 Keep washing your face daily with warm water and a mild facial cleanser.
2 Routinely use moisturizer.
3 It is not necessary to stop using makeup, but try to use non-comedogenic products. And do not forget to remove your makeup at the end of the day.
4 Keep your hands away from your face.
Q2 What are the different types of acne?
Your acne pimples can vary in size, color, and level of pain. The following types are possible:
1 Blackhead: As they are black, they are clearly visible and appear on the surface of your skin.
2 Whiteheads: These generally remain under the skin and are small.
3 Pustules: They are clearly visible on the surface of your skin. They are often red at their base and have pus at the top.
4 Papules: These are usually small, pink bumps visible on the surface of your skin.
5 Nodules: They are visible on the surface of the skin. They are solid, large, painful pimples that are embedded deep in your skin
6 Cysts: They are painful and filled with pus. Often seen on the surface of your skin. Cysts can lead to scars.
Acne is one of the most commonly occurring skin disorder and can have a deep psychosocial impact. Your treatment solely depends on how persistent and severe the acne is. Acne is a very common problem. And hence its treatment is available and it is effective in many cases.