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Anxiety: Symptoms, Types and Treatment

Anxiety: Symptoms, Types and Treatment

by Mehr Jan · December 20, 2020

Do you sometimes feel a heavy burden on yourself?

It is triggered when you are doing something out of the ordinary.

Moving to a new place, starting off a new job or having to get a check-up at the hospital.

This is ordinary anxiety and it comes and goes. However having an anxiety disorder is something different.

It stays with you all the time and it is very intense and debilitating.

In this blog post, we will discuss in detail the various aspects of anxiety.

1.

Anxiety-Symptoms

The biggest concern with this condition is it doesn’t allow you to enjoy a normal routine.
In some cases, it also halts normal work practices like crossing the street or even leaving the comfort of your home.

This is a major cause of concern. But how do you identify whether you have a serious anxiety disorder or something else?

anxiety is a serious health concern

There is not one standard structure. Every person will feel anxiety differently.

Some would have high range of feelings which are hard to combat on a regular basis. While others will get certain jolts of feelings every now and then.

One common symptom is that your mind and body feel disconnected. People can also have strong nightmares and painful thoughts. It interferes with daily activities and can create intense fear.

Other common symptoms include:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Rapid breathing
  • Restlessness
  • Feeling of being on the edge
  • Constant feelings of worry
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Having constant irritability
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Feeling tense and nervous
  • Hyperventilation
  • Sweating profusely
  • Getting tired often
  • A sensation on tremble
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) problems
  • Increased heart rate
  • Concentration concerns
  • Sleeping issues
  • Having an increased heart rate
  • Being constantly worrisome

2.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders: Fifth Edition (DSM-V) classifies anxiety disorders into several main types.
In the early editions, the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were thought to be part of the long spectrum of anxiety disorders.
But the manual doesn’t consider these groups as part of anxiety. They come under a division of mental health difficulties.
Let’s look into the range of anxiety disorders you can have:

the many faces of anxiety disorder

Generalized Anxiety disorder

This type of disorder comes up with excessive, long-lasting anxiety. It is usually triggered by constantly worrying over things and situations which are random and not linked to one another.
It is the most common kind of disorder and it is not always clear what is causing for it to trigger.

Panic Disorder

This disorder is lead by situations which cause extreme confusion, dizziness, nausea and breathing issues.
It causes for you to feel extreme tension, terror and feel apprehensive.
They occur and escalate quickly. Within 10 minutes they can become extremely hard to handle and control the symptoms. The attack can last for hours even.
This disorder is triggered when you face a frightening experience or you are facing long-term stress.
Sometimes it becomes very confusing for some people who take it to be a serious condition. They will need medical intervention to diagnose it in a better way the next time the attack happens.

Specific Phobia

This phobia relates to a certain object or situation.
It doesn’t occur randomly, but it’s triggered due to a certain stimuli.
If you are facing this phobia, it means you are having fear about a certain condition. Most of the time you will understand this fear is illogical and extreme.
Yet you are not able to control your feelings.
The trigger gets to you and you can’t control your emotions.
Example like being claustrophobic, which is fear of confined places.

Agoraphobia

This type of phobia is of an extreme level. It is when you have a fear of going out to open spaces, places and events.
If you have this phobia, you will have a constant fear of leaving the comfort of your home’s four walls.
You will be terrified to even use the elevators or step onto public transport.

Selective Mutism

This kind is when your children have reservations when speaking in certain places. Despite having strong verbal communication skills, they can’t speak in a few situations or places.
It is an extreme form of phobia and it triggers due to situations of complete unfamiliarity and uneasiness.

Social Anxiety Disorder

It happens when you feel you will be negatively judged by others.
You feel you are going to get into an embarrassing situation when in social gatherings.
It includes a mix of emotions including stage fright, fear of intimacy and having a feeling of rejection and humiliation.
This affects your everyday routine as you avoid places which will cause human contact and interaction.

Separation Anxiety Disorder

It is quite common.
It happens when you feel extreme pangs of panic when you are separating from a person or place.
That stimulus showcases and gives a feeling of safety and security.

 

3.

Treatment

Anxiety is a common situation.
However it isn’t bad when it leads to motivation and helps you to organize and prepare things in a better way.
However when the situation gets triggered often and it is impacting your quality of life on a large scale, it means you need an intervention.
Take control by following these simple treatment options.

get the treatment for anxiety

Counseling

This method is also called psychological therapy. It includes the following therapy options:

CBT

In this method, harmful thought patterns are recognized.
These conditions trigger the feelings of anxiousness and trouble.
The CBT practitioners work to limit distorted thinking, in hopes to change how people react to objects and situations.
The treatment helps you to confront certain fears and concerns so to limit anxiety attacks.

Medications

Medication helps. Several kinds of anxiety types require heavy medication as other therapies don’t really help.
The common ones who are most likely to get a prescription for are:

Benzodiazepines

These are effective but can be addictive too.
If you take these, you can get certain side effects.
This includes drowsiness and dependency.

Antidepressants

This is the most common kind of medication to help with depression.
However it can also cause nausea, jitters and sexual dysfunction if you become addicted to them and continue on a long-term basis.
Common ones taken are fluoxetine, or Prozac, and citalopram, or Celexa.

Tricyclics

These drugs can cause side effects like dizziness, dry mouth, and weight gain.
There are many additional drugs which are known to be effective in severe cases of anxiety and include:
beta-blockers
buspirone

7 Ways to Naturally Reduce Anxiety

Exercise Often

maintaining active lifestyle is key

It keeps your physical and emotional health in order. It also helps to keep your anxiety manageable. You don’t need to indulge in vigorous exercising.
Even simple walking and meditation types can help to keep your attacks in control. Focus on your breathing.

Alcohol Control

Aim to control the amount of alcohol beverages you consume.
While some suggest it’s a natural sedative and it helps to calm the nerves. That’s just temporary.
Because if you continue to take in alcohol for relief, you become dependent on it and it causes more problems than gives solutions.

Limit Your Smoking

It is common for smokers to smoke more when they are under stress or worry. Same like alcohol, if you depend too much on cigarettes, while it gives a quick fix, it will add onto your anxiety with more issues.

Caffeine intake

Caffeine is fine in moderation but it can worsen your anxiety if you consume too much. It can elevate your nervousness if taken constantly.
In some cases, it is known to trigger panic disorders too. You need to relax more.
Which takes us to our next treatment- sleeping better.

Improve Sleeping Patterns

Did you know insomnia is one of the leading factors of anxiety?
Here a few tips to help you sleep better at night:

  • Read before tucking into bed
  • Avoid your phones and televisions and tablets; avoid screens
  • Have water before bed
  • Keep your room dimly lit
  • Journal before sleeping
  • Try to fix your sleeping hours
  • Meditate before sleeping

Eat a Healthy Diet

This goes a long way. Eat well. It helps your body, your organs to work better. Thus it helps you to keep on moving forward and having all your body parts synched and work better.
If your anxiety is getting worse, you need to check your eating habits. Here are a few pointers:

  • Hydrate and drink water
  • Skip processed foods
  • Adapt a healthy diet
  • Eat raw food
  • Eat lean proteins
  • Consume fruits and vegetables
  • Shun the use of heavy salt and sugar

Practice Deep Breathing

One of the best things you can do for yourself- practice deep breathing. In yoga, this is one of the main things highlighted.
It helps you to take things slow, restore better breathing patterns and reduce anxiety attacks.

Aromatherapy

aromatherapy for anxiety helps

This is making use of essential oils to enhance well-being. The oils are inhaled and can also be an addition to your warm baths.
Among the many benefits are:

  • Helps in relaxation
  • Encourages better sleep
  • Boosts and helps with mood swings
  • Reduces heart rate and blood pressure

Here are the most popular kinds of oils:

    • Bergamot
    • Lavender
    • Grapefruit

 

4.

Conclusion

Anxiety is a terrifying condition for those who don’t understand how to combat it.

Sometimes it can completely take over your daily routine and effect even simple tasks.

The good news is, is that it is manageable.

This guide aimed to provide you with a complete overview on what are the symptoms so you can identify if you are having an anxiety attack or it’s something else.

We talked about the different types of anxiety disorders and finally, we had a good look into the different ways in which it can be treated.

We hope this guide was helpful to you in managing your anxiety better.

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