Crow’s Feet: Causes, Treatment and Prevention
Do you know that the fine lines and wrinkles around the corner of your eyes can deepen with age? These are called Crow’s feet as they resemble one.
There are multiple treatment options you can opt for, however, it is important to consult your dermatologist before getting any treatment.
Keep on reading to learn more about Crow’s Feet.
Crow’s Feet develops usually around the outer corner of your eyes and are because of aging among other causes.
As you age, your skin loses its elasticity and collagen production becomes less, due to which these lines start to develop.
Moreover, with age and no preventive measures or treatment they can even become deep and wide.
With the process of aging, there are changes in the face, however, some parts of your face are more suspectable to noticeable changes.
These changes are often more noticeable around the eyes as the area around them is a delicate one.
Crow’s feet develop over time due to tiny muscle contractions every time you make a facial expression, either when you are happy or sad.
There are 2 types of wrinkles Dynamic and static.
- Dynamic Wrinkles: These wrinkles appear during muscle contraction, and if your crow’s feet are visible when you smile, they are dynamic
- Static Wrinkles: These wrinkles can worsen with muscle contractions, and are even visible all the time, even when your face is at rest.
Crow’s Feet Causes
One of the causes of crow’s feet is the reduction in skin elasticity and collagen as well as skin movements.
As you age, the skin loses its elasticity and collagen, however, sun damage, hormonal changes, and free radicals are among other factors that contribute to it.
Normally, you blink at least 15 to 20 times a minute meaning that you blink about 20,000 times a day.
Thus, it causes your facial muscles to crinkle and move constantly.
To understand it more clearly, consider turning a page over and over again.
After some time, you will notice small crinkles on the edges of the paper. This is what happens with the outer corners of your eyes as well.
Other facial movements also contribute to these fines.
Thus, if you made fun of Kim Kardashian when she confessed about not laughing more often because she fear aging, then think again and consider the above causes.
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What makes Crow’s Feet and Fine Lines Different?
It is important to note that fine lines and wrinkles are not deep and wide, and they can appear on any part of your face.
However, crow’s feet appear due to muscle contractions of your face, either when you smile, are angry, or frown.
Moreover, fine lines are not as deep and pronounced and you can effectively treat them differently than crow’s feet.
You can reduce the appearance of fine lines and even gt rid of them with the help of light skin filler.
There are a number of fillers available in the market that you can opt for,, however, always consult your dermatologist before using any of the fillers.
Moreover, your dermatologist can guide you on which one will best suit you based on the skin type you have.
Now, let’s learn about the treatment options for crow’s feet.
Treatment Options for Crow’s Feet
In order to get rid of crow’s feet or reduce their appearance, there are a number of treatment options available you can opt for. You can consult your dermatologist for the best treatment option that will suit your skin type.
Thus, it is always important to consult them, as some procedures might not suit your skin type and color. Let’s discuss them as follows:
No matter the type of crow’s feet you have around the outer corner of your eye, there are several treatment procedures available.
It is important to note that for some individuals, they can be completely reversed, at least for short periods of time.
Moreover, there are certain steps you can take at home to reduce their appearance.
The treatment you opt for depends on the severity of crow’s feet and your desired outcomes. However, you might have to try a combination of treatments in some cases.
Let’s discuss the treatment options as follows:
There are a number of topical creams available in the market that specifically targets the undereye area and the outer corner of your eye.
These prescription and over-the-counter, OTC topical creams can both prevent and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
One of the ingredients you can opt for is Tretinoin or Retin-A. This is one of the most common eye creams to fight the signs of aging because it stimulates the production of new skin.
There are a number of other anti-aging moisturizers that have the same effects on your skin.
They can help reduce the appearance of fine lines around the corner of your eyes, however, will not help to reduce the appearance of deeper ones.
The results of these topical eye creams usually are noticeable within 24 weeks of regular usage.
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Dermal fillers or soft tissue fillers can help treat crow’s feet. Some of the dermal fillers are as follows:
During the procedure, your dermatologist will inject the filler with the help of a needle directly into your skin.
There are a number of other fillers available that contain a combination of slightly other components and some of these are more permanent than others.
Consult with your healthcare provider and discuss the pros and cons of the fillers you want to go for. They can guide you about the best product the suits your crow’s feet.
Fillers are most effective for static wrinkles, especially the ones the appear constantly when your face is even at rest.
The effects of dermal fillers typically last for 3 to 12 months, however, they can last even longer if you take care of them.
Botox Treatment for Crow’s Feet
Botulinum toxin is a derivate of a bacteria and botox is often used to help smooth out wrinkles that form due to continuous use of the facial muscles.
This happens you make expressions and is one of the effective treatments for crow’s feet.
If you are an individual whose age is 30 to 50, then it is an ideal treatment for you.
However, it is important to note that Botox is not effective for the treatment of deep wrinkles that are more common among older adults.
The procedure of botox involves injecting your skin with the solution directly into the target area or treatment area.
Your doctor or dermatologist will directly insert it with the help of a small needle and it will cause your muscles to relax around your eyes.
Moreover, it prevents the muscles around your eyes to contract, thus, will help reduce the appearance of wrinkles and in some cases can even cause them to disappear completely.
It is especially effective for dynamic wrinkles. However, this treatment will not prevent you from making facial expressions.
The effects of botox treatment usually last for about 3 months, and you can also get this treatment along with other treatments as well.
Another option to treat crow’s feet is Chemical Peels and this procedure promotes healthy and younger-looking skin.
This procedure involves putting a chemical solution on the skin that causes peeling or removal of the outer layer of your old skin.
Thus, leaving behind new and smoother skin.
There are different types of chemical peels and each of these uses different chemical solutions that have varying effects on your skin.
These are superficial peels, medium-depth peels, and deep peels.
For the procedure of superficial peels, you will have to visit a certified esthetician, however, for deeper peels, you can have the treatment at your healthcare office.
The effects of the peels usually depend on the solution used, and its recovery periods depend on the type of peel you opt for.
It is important to note that superficial peels are relatively painless and require little to no downtime.
On the other hand, deeper peels can be painful and you may need anesthesia before the procedure begins.
For best results, you can have the procedure of superficial peels every 2 to 4 weeks and medium-depth peels every 6 to 12 months.
This depends on the goals you have set for yourself.
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Ablative laser resurfacing techniques involve procedures to help remove the upper layer of your skin.
It helps to remove the old skin revealing new and younger-looking skin.
It also works well for crow’s feet as it heats up different layers of your skin. This helps to promote collagen production in your skin.
Thus, with an increase in the production of collagen, the skin around your eyes will heal.
This makes your skin smoother and more even.
Before the procedure, your dermatologist will use pain-relieving medication or anesthesia as it involves a laser wand that focuses the laser on the target area of your face.
After the procedure, your doctor will wrap your face with dressing and it will remain there for a number of days.
Complete healing takes several weeks and this procedure helps to tighten your skin and also claims to make you look younger 10 to 20 years.
Moreover, the results last for up to 10 years, and it is important to note that the procedure does not eliminate crow’s feet completely.
For this, your dermatologist will combine the treatment of laser resurfacing with botox injections.
Concealing your Crow’s Feet
Concealing crow’s feet is often a tough job, however, there are a few tips and techniques you can follow to conceal them.
The following are certain tips you can follow: Apply a moisturizing cream in the morning and at night before applying makeup, try using a silicone-based primer before putting on foundation.
This helps to fill in the deep ‘valleys’ of the wrinkles around your eyes and creates a smooth appearance.
Go for a foundation and concealer that is light as heavy foundations make your wrinkles more pronounced.
Thus, try using light to medium coverage foundations or a beauty balm, and if you do not have time for shopping, try applying the current one with a damp sponge.
For flawless and light coverage, blend it well. However, make sure to avoid using loose powder as it can settle in the creases.
You can also draw attention away from your eye by avoiding false eyelashes, shimmery eye shadows, and dark liners.
Instead, try using a highlighter on your cheeks and dramatic lipstick.
Preventing Crow’s Feet
As you age, your skin loses its elasticity and collagen due to which wrinkles start to appear and this is the natural part of getting old.
However, there are a few preventive measures you can opt for to reduce the appearance and limit the severity of these wrinkles.
Moreover, these preventative measures can also help to slow down the development of wrinkles. You can:
Limit your sun exposure and make sure to apply sunscreen with a sun protection factor or SPF of 30 or more.
Moreover, wear a hat and sunglasses even when you are going out for a short period of time. Make sure to wear it every time you go out.
You can also opt for a moisturizer and foundation with SPF15 or more.
Eating a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy oils can also protect your skin from the damage caused by free radicals.
Wearing polarized sunglasses helps to protect your eye area as they have big sun-blocking shades.
Moreover, avoid smoking as it procedure free radicals in your body which makes wrinkles appear sooner than later. Make sure to not use tanning beds as well.
You can use moisturizers and eye creams with collagen and anti-oxidants like vitamin C to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and even prevent them.
As you age, the appearance of Crow’s Feet becomes more prominent, however, there are a number of treatment options available you can choose from.
However, it is important to consult your docotr or dermatologist before choosing any of these as some of them are costly and others are cheaper than others like chemical peels and botox.