Dark Circles: Causes, Treatment and Remedies
Are there heavy dark, swollen bags under your eyes? These are dark circles. While they are not a health problem, they can make you look unhealthy, tired and unappealing.
Though makeup concealers can conceal dark circles under the eyes, you should still look for a lasting solution.
This article discusses Dark Circles, their causes and treatment. Learn how you can get rid of dark circles below.
Causes of Dark Circles
Dark circles appear as either brown, blue or purple or even black.
You can get dark circles because of lack of sleep, tiredness, aging.
However, you may also get them from a lack of nutrition, excessive sun exposure and allergies.
To know about the other causes, read below!
- Tiredness and Fatigue
Sleep deprivation shows on your face. Not only do your eyes become puffy but you also get under-eye bags.
The blood vessels and dark tissue in the delicate under-eye area become more prominent when your skin becomes duller and paler if you do not get enough sleep.
The puffy appearance is because of fluid buildup in the under-eye area and dark circles form from the shadow of the puffy eyelids.
Though that is not the only reason to feel fatigued and tired.
Oversleeping can also cause fatigue and you to look extra tired because of dark circles.
- Heredity and Genetics
Dark circles are an inherited trait.
If people in your family such as parents, grandparents, siblings, uncles and aunts have a tendency to have deep and dark under-eye bags then you have a chance of having them too.
Not all of your family members need to have under-eye bags for you to have them, if some do, you are at risk.
These show in early childhood and have the potential to worsen with age or even disappear.
The under-eye area is very sensitive.
As you age, the skin naturally loses collagen and elastin.
Your under-eye skin thins and loses fatty tissue, therefore, the blood vessels underneath the eye become prominent and darkens that area.
- Allergic reaction
The body releases histamines as a form of defense during an allergic reaction such as eye dryness.
This is why your body itches in an allergic reaction.
However, they also dilate blood vessels. Henceforth, they are more prominent under your eyes.
When you scratch during allergies they can cause swelling and break blood vessels.
This in return will cast shadows underneath eyes.
If you expose your skin to a lot of sunlight then your body may produce melanin as a result.
An excess of this pigment can darken your skin especially the thin and sensitive skin under the eyes.
*Strain on Eyes:
If your blood vessels enlarge then they become more visible.
Putting a strain on your eyes by excessive use of mobile devices, computers and television can darken the skin around your eyes.
Eye strain also causes rubbing which also increases dark circles.
These are more common in people who have darker skin tone because of more production of melanin.
If you are not hydrated with enough water then your overall skin becomes dull.
Alongside, your eyes sunken and dull leading to dark circles.
Besides these other causes include:
- Hay Fever
- Thinning of under-eye skin
- Eye drops bimatoprost
- Rubbing under the eyes frequently
- Anemia and iron deficiency
- Poor sleeping habits
These things in one way or the other affect the skin and vessels under the eye and lead to dark circles.
Now that you know the causes, let’s find out how to treat them.
Home Remedies for Dark Circles
There is no definite best treatment for dark circles.
You will have to check by trial and error to see which one suits you best.
So if you are looking for how to remove dark circles at home naturally, you are in the right place.
Keep reading below.
Good Quality Sleep
When dark circles happen because of sleep deprivation, poor sleeping habits and lack of sleep then you should regulate your sleep.
Get good sleep of up to seven to eight hours every night.
Moreover, to reduce puffiness and fluid buildup under your eyes, elevate your head with two pillows during sleep.
Use Cold Compress
A cold compress can help constrict the dilated blood vessels that become very prominent in the thin under-eye skin.
You can make a cold compress by either putting a few ice cubes in a cloth and gently apply it to your eyes.
Or you can also dampen a cloth with cold water and place it on your eyes till it loses its coldness.
This helps to reduce puffiness along with the under-eye bags.
Though you will have to do it regularly these are not tips on how to remove dark circles overnight.
Skincare Products and Eye Creams
Eye creams specifically exist to reduce the puffiness and darkness under the eyes.
Hence any moisturizers and eye creams with Vitamin C and E, caffeine, hyaluronic acid, and aloe have antioxidant properties that can help reduce the darkness.
Vitamin C serum also helps to fight hyperpigmentation and is anti-aging so it can be useful under the eyes in the form of eye cream.
Vitamin E mixed with almond oil massage also reduces bags.
Apply these after cleansing your skin from a makeup remover cleanser and prepping your skin with a toner.
Tea Bags-Using Caffeine
Another remedy is soaking tea bags in water for some time.
Then remove the tea bags and playing them in a refrigerator.
Apply both teabags on one eye each and then remove and wash with water after a few minutes.
This remedy uses caffeine in tea bags to act as an antioxidant and increase blood circulation to remove your under-eye bags.
Caffeine mixed with Vitamin K can significantly reduce under-eye bags and wrinkle depth.
Cucumber is an age-old home remedy for dark circles.
Chill cucumber slices and place them on your eyes for 10 minutes.
They contain water and Vitamin C which decreases swelling and moisturizes the skin.
It also contains silica which promotes healthy tissue.
In order to reduce sun exposure and resulting pigmentation, you can apply sunscreen.
You should also try to go out less in the sun.
Your doctor or esthetician may suggest a few medical treatments if the home remedies do not work.
Home remedies are a slow solution whereas medical procedures and treatments can provide you instant results.
However, you will have to get multiple treatments as most will not last much longer and will also have downtime.
Topical Creams, Acids and Serums for Lightening
Topical creams and serums can lighten your skin.
Your dermatologist may recommend these to fight the hyperpigmentation and darkness under the eyes.
Topical creams will have bleaching agents such as hydroquinone and tretinoin.
Kojic acid and Azelaic acid both have lightening properties.
Hence they can treat the under-eye bags.
Though Kojic Acid can also cause eczema and reddening while azelaic acid is safe to use for the long term.
Furthermore, any serum or lotion with Vitamin C will also help against pigmentation and lighten the under-eye area.
Since the under-eye area is very sensitive and with thinner skin, your dermatologist will likely suggest you get a light chemical peel.
This typically consists of hydroquinone(also used in topical creams) and glycolic acid. Some may also contain retinoic acid.
You may also combine it separately with topical creams for more benefit.
Volume loss can also lead to dark circles.
Moreover, hyaluronic acid is also good to provide hydration, volume and reduce dark circles.
Therefore, hyaluronic acid fillers can restore volume in the under-eye area alongside give you hydration.
Tissue fillers can conceal melanin and vessels that lead to skin discoloration.
Pulsed diode and diode lasers are comparatively less invasive procedures that are fine for the sensitive under-eye area.
The heat from lasers can vaporize damaged cells that lead to darker pigment.
Hence, it can lighten your dark skin tone.
Moreover, it will also stimulate collagen production which can give your skin a new life and more tightening alongside resurfacing.
Lower Lid Blepharoplasty
Surgical removal of fat can reduce the shadow that heavy eyelids produce under the eye.
Hence, when the shadow cast reduces, the dark circles decrease too.
They do not only remove fat but also extra skin deposits around the eye.
Though you should get this procedure from a certified surgeon because the area in consideration is very delicate.
A dermatologic surgeon or a plastic surgeon may carry out the procedure.
An oculoplastic surgeon is also qualified to do it.
After removing the excess fat and skin you will have much smoother and even skin.
Essentially you can also use this as a home remedy but it is better to get it done professionally.
Facials such as HydraFacial treatment can improve blood circulation.
Dark circles are also a result of poor circulation under the eyes.
If you get a gentle massage and facial around this area then your blood circulation can significantly improve.
Other treatment options include medically tattooing pigment in areas with thin skin and applying surgical implants of synthetics and fat.
However, before you opt for any medical treatment, you should first try home remedies as well as skin care.
This is because these treatments are invasive and home remedies may do a good job in revitalizing your skin and reducing your dark circles.
Dark circles give you a tired panda look but you can reduce them.
You may want to know how to remove dark circles permanently at once but remember this is a time taking process.
Even medical procedures will take time to show results and will have downtime.
Therefore be patient but implement these treatments regularly to see any changes.