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Kidney Stones Pain: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Kidney Stones Pain: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

by Hibah Ahmad · December 24, 2020

Are you looking for information regarding kidney stones?

You are exactly at the right place. Here, we will discuss all you need to know about kidney stones and more.

Kidneys function to remove the fluid and toxins from your blood as a result of urine.

But the lack of fluid can result in the concentration of waste and other minerals which result in kidney stones.

Let us discuss kidney stones in detail including its pain, symptoms, causes and treatment.

1.

Kidney Stone Pain

Kidney stones are masses of minerals and other salts that are present inside your body.

If you feel sharp pain in your back or belly, it is best to go for a medical check-up right away.

pain in the abdominal area

The pain in your abdominal area can be linked to multiple diseases including pancreatitis, ulcers or appendicitis.

So, it is important to get an expert opinion if the pain persists for longer time.

Kidney stones usually form in your kidney but they can form anywhere along your urinary tract including,

  • Kidneys
  • Ureters
  • Urethra
  • Bladder

However, extreme pain while urinating can be an obvious reason for kidney stones and the pain usually depends on the size and shape of stone.

They may result in to the most painful medical diseases.

2.

What Causes Kidney Stones?

Basically kidney stones result from the deficiency of water and increased stone forming ingredients in your urine.

Looking at the causes can help us reduce the chances of having one.

Lett us discuss the causes which can help us take better measures. So, let us just dive into it.

Doctor explaining the causes for kidney stone pain

The most common stone ingredients include calcium along with oxalate and phosphate. While, the majority of stones are made up of calcium.

Following are the main reasons for kidney stones,

1. Reduced Urine Volume

Lower volume of liquid in your urine can result in stone formation. This reduced water content may be caused by,

  • Dehydration on whole or because of heavy exercising
  • Living in a hot place
  • Not taking enough liquids

There is a simple way to the liquid concentration by looking at your urine. If it is dark yellow in colour, it means that there is low liquid content in your urine.

Increasing water intake will eventually reduce salt concentration and might save you form having a stone in your kidneys.

2. Improving Diet

Diet plays an important role in stone formation. Calcium stones are formed due to high quantity of calcium in your urine.

But decreasing calcium from your diet doesn’t affect the formation of calcium stones. Rather lack of calcium can negatively affect you bones and body.

So, the doctors recommend taking diet with no too high calcium and try to control calcium level by reducing salt intake.

Taking diets richer in salt can also result into kidney stones.

Moreover, animal protein rich diets including beef, chicken, fish and pork can result in the increase in acid levels in your body. These increased acid levels provide favourable chances for calcium stone formation.

3. Bowel Conditions

Some of the diseases like ulcerative colitis, or surgeries can result into diarrhea which can further increase the risk of forming calcium stones.

Diarrhea may result in loss of huge amount of liquids from body.

4. Obesity

Obesity can lead to fluctuations in acid level which may result in the formation of stones, so focusing on weight loss can be helpful in reducing risk for having them.

5. Other Diseases Along-with Kidney Stones

Presence of other diseases can also lead to stones formation in kidney. These diseases may include parathyroid problems, some inherited disorders or more.

6. Medication

Some medicines or supplements may increase the risk for kidney stones.

Therefore, it is important to inform your doctor about your current prescription but you do not have to stop taking any of these until you physician tells you to do so.

7. Family History

Family history adds a lot to your chances of developing stones in your kidney. So, if your parents or siblings had stones, then chances of you developing them is higher as well.

3.

Kidney Stone Symptoms

Kidney stone symptoms include the sharp pain in the back or at sides. The pain often radiates to the lower abdomen and groin.

The pain often initiates suddenly and may come and go as you try to get rid of it.

But identifying the symptoms can help us take better measures. So, let us just dive into it.

Symptoms of abdominal pain

If the size of your kidney stone is small, then it might pass through your urinary tract so painlessly that you even might never know that you had it.

Major Symptoms of Kidney Stones

It’s major symptoms include,

  • Extreme pain in the back or on the sides under ribs
  • The pain may spread to your abdomen and groin region
  • It may come and go
  • Pain may increase or decrease
  • Extreme pain while urinating
  • Burning while urinating

Other Symptoms of Kidney Stones

The other signs and symptoms may include,

  • Pink, red or brown coloured urine
  • Discharge of blood in urine
  • Milky or stinky urine
  • Either you feel the need to urinate more or less than your usual routine
  • Temperature and chills in case of infection

Pain caused due to it may fluctuate, as it moves through the urinary tract.

 

4.

Kidney Stones Treatment

Treatment is provided according to the type and size of stones and it may involve taking urine samples or collecting stones for detailed assessment.

The treatment has upgraded in past few decades and treating kidney stone pain has also improved with it.

However, delaying the medical intervention may result in more pain.

Treatment of kidney stones

Diagnosis of Kidney Stones

Its diagnosis involves your complete medical history and complete physical examination. And some other tests may include,

  • Blood tests for uric acid, calcium and other mineral salts
  • Creatinine and blood urea nitrogen to check functionality
  • Urine analysis
  • Detailed investigation of the passed out stones

However the following tests may help in checking blockage,

  • X-rays
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • CTI scan

Treatment of Kidney Stones

How kidney stones are treated? Drinking water can reduce your dehydration.

People having severe dehydration or symptoms of nausea or vomiting may need accessory Intravenous (IV) fluids.

Lithotripsy method for stone removal

Common procedures include,

Medicines

You may need narcotic medicines for pain relief. Antibiotics can also be helpful in case of infection.

Lithotripsy for Kidney Stones

It involves the use of sounds waves to break down the stones for their removal through urine without requiring any surgery.

However, this process can be painful and might require mild anaesthesia.

It might cause damage or bleeding in the area surrounding your kidneys.

Tunnel Surgery

This process involves removal of stone by small insertion at your back.

This can be helpful when the stone is causing infection, obstruction or either its size is too big or it is causing unbearable pain.

Ureteroscopy to Manually Remove Kidney Stones

The ureterscope might be used by your doctor when the stone is stuck in your ureter or bladder.

A camera attached to a small wire is passed down through your urethra into your bladder.

After locating the stone, the doctor snags out the stone through a small cage and then send it for further investigations to the lab.

 

5.

Home Remedies for Kidney Stones

If you haven’t had a kidney stone before or had it, in either cases these can be very useful for you.

Drinking lots of water and keeping yourself hydrated is the first key to reduce the risk of water.

These simple home remedies can prove to be very useful in prevention from kidney stones. So, let’s have a look at them in detail.

Home remedies for Kidney stones

1. Water

If you have a kidney stone then drinking lots of water can increase the chances that it passes out automatically in urine.

Drink 12 glasses of water if you were drinking 9 previously as dehydration is the main cause of stones.

2. Lemon Juice

It contains acetic acid which is also very helpful in the breakdown of stones and their easy removal through urine.

It also contains other healthy nutrients and therefore this remedy is used traditionally for digestive or other inflammatory diseases.

Moreover, it can help to break stones smaller and help them pass through urine.

3. Basil Juice

You should use medicinal lemon juice but not more than 6 weeks because extended use may cause,

  • Low sugar levels in blood
  • low blood pressure
  • More bleeding

4. Apple Cider Vinegar

It also helps in reducing the risk for stones but you shouldn’t take it if you are also taking,

  • Insulin for diabetes
  • Digoxin
  • Diuretics

5. Pomegranate Juice

It has been used over centuries to treat stones in kidney because it removes toxins and stones out of your body.

6. Celery juice

It is very important in cleaning away the toxins but don’t take it if you have any,

  • bleeding disorder
  • low blood pressure
  • an upcoming surgery

7. Broth of Kidney Bean

It is being used in South Asia for years to treat stones in kidney. Basically, just strain out the kidney beans after boiling them and drink the broth left behind throughout the day.

Click here to check more remedies for kidney stones.


Kidney stones basically can be controlled by choosing healthy lifestyle and drinking lots of water to reduce dehydration. This article provided you many ways to reduce the risk of forming stones in your kidney.


Now you know everything you needed to know about kidney stones. Don’t forget to leave feedback and suggestions.

Let me know in the comments section below that which part proved to be the most helpful for you.

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