Teeth Removal Surgery
Did you wake up from a good nights sleep and all of a sudden started having a painful toothache?
Before sleeping last night you would have thought about waking up in the morning and having a good breakfast with your family at some nice and cozy place.
But, oh! No, that toothache came all of a sudden and ruined your whole day.
Ever wonder what might be the reason behind the tooth ache? You might have but not paid enough attention to get it checked.
Well, you may need a teeth removal surgery. This article discusses teeth removal surgery and why you may need a tooth extraction.Keep reading to know more.
Causes of Toothache
A toothache might stem from several reasons.
This toothache may eventually result in tooth extraction and teeth removal surgery. Your dentist or oral surgeon recommends this surgery if there is excessive damage to your tooth and teeth and the infection might be spreading in your mouth.
Some common causes are tooth decay and an abscessed tooth.
- Tooth Decay
What is tooth decay? Tooth decay is caused due to cavities in the tooth.
It can occur either in the outer coating or the inner coating of the tooth.
- Abscessed tooth
When pus is formed around the root of the infected tooth it is called an abscessed tooth.
It can be caused due to cavity, some gum disease or a crack in the tooth.
- Broken tooth
A broken tooth may be caused due to an accident or any activity.
- A damaged filling
A filling is used by the dentist to repair a broken or cracked tooth.
If it gets removed, it can cause toothache.
- Grinding teeth and chewing of gum
Excessive chewing and grinding of teeth can cause toothache.
Moreover, most often people grind their teeth due to stress and anxiety.
- Gum infection
Poor hygiene habits, smoking, drinking, diabetes or certain medications can lead to gum infections.
Teeth Removal Surgery
With growing age, our milk teeth are replaced by permanent teeth.
There are many reasons as to why many people get their teeth removed and why it is necessary.
Some of these are;
- Excessive tooth decay
- Infection in the tooth or teeth
- Chemotherapy or organ transplant patients
How to Prepare for Teeth Removal Surgery
It is important that you give all the necessary information to the dentist or oral surgeon before going for the tooth extraction surgery.
Some specific information that is important to be shared with the dentist or oral surgeon include:
- If you have a history of bacterial endocarditis, the dentist should be informed and given the past history.
- You suffer from congenital heart defects
- If a person has gone through artificial joint replacement in the past
- You should inform your dentist about taking any blood thinners due to some disease
- It is important that you discuss anesthesia and painkillers.
At times people are aware of what type of anesthesia works for them, what type are they allergic to and what type should they avoid.
- At times patients prefer taking painkillers. You should let the dentist know if they have taken any before the surgery.
Generally, before the surgery takes place one should avoid eating anything, twelve hours prior to the surgery.
This helps in the prevention of nausea and other conditions like it.
If you are a diabetic patient, the dentist should know the medical history.
One of the most important things is to not smoke twelve hours before and twenty-four hours after the surgery is performed.
Procedure of Tooth Extraction
The procedure for tooth extraction depends upon the position of the tooth.
Whether it’s an incisor, canine, premolar, molar or wisdom tooth. Usually, the process of wisdom tooth removal is a difficult one as it requires a surgical extraction.
There are two types of procedures for tooth extraction.
- Simple Extraction
- Surgical Extraction
During the process of a simple extraction, the patient is given a local anesthetic, which numbs the area.
Due to this numbness, the patient does not feel any pressure or pain.
In the process of a simple extraction, the dentist generally uses an elevator to loosen the tooth and forceps to remove the damaged or faulty tooth from the socket.
During a surgical extraction, the patient might be given local anesthesia or intravenous anesthesia, or both that make the patient calm and relaxed so that he/she can undergo the surgery without any pain or panic.
If a patient suffers from any medical condition he/she be given general anesthesia due to which the patient will remain unconscious during Dental Surgery and Extraction.
Then, the surgeon or the dentist will cut the gum with a small incision.
Moreover, for the tooth to be extracted the doctor may remove the bone around the tooth or cut the tooth.
Finally, by the end of the surgery, small stitches are placed to aid in the process of healing.
In most of the cases, wisdom teeth are removed with this type of extraction.
Extraction of Incisors
Extraction of incisors is not common however poor prognosis could be the candidates for extraction.
The type of occlusion, shape, size of the tooth, space requirements and root height plays an important role in making decisions.
Hence, the choice is made between orthodontic treatment and prosthodontic treatment.
When orthodontic treatment is to be carried out, removal of maxillary, central incisors may provide the space to correct overcrowding.
While prosthodontic treatment is carried out when there are complex dental cases like dentures, implants, etc.
Steps included in the extraction of incisors are;
1. The first step is removing a tooth using a simple technique that is to loosen the soft tissue attachment around the teeth.
2. Two instruments the straight and curved desmosomes are used to do so.
3. Extraction forceps are used to remove the incisors. Sometimes rotatory movements are made to extract the tooth.
Extraction of Canines
Canine teeth are used for biting and tearing food as well as guiding our joints to proper alignment.
Most of the time when the wisdom teeth are impacted, they are removed as the wisdom tooth does not perform any important task, there is no harm to extract them.
But canines on the other hand are very important as they perform an important function.
Some reasons for the removal of canines are
- to realign the jaw
- sometimes extra teeth may develop and there is not enough room for canines to erupt
Steps including canine extraction are:
1. any necessary teeth blocking the canine is removed
2. an incision is created in the gum tissue
3. if a baby tooth is present it is removed
4. a bracket is then bonded on the canine
5. the bracket is attached to the orthodontic braces using a chain
6. a rubber band is attached to the chain which provides gentle pressure, helping to slowly pull out the canine.
Extraction of Molars ( Premolars, Molars, Wisdom tooth)
Molar teeth are used for grinding our food and they are twelve in total.
These are the largest and are designed to sustain the force used for chewing, grinding and clenching.
There are different reasons why molars are extracted.
1. to create space in the mouth
2. by the maxillary dentoalveolar protrusion
Steps included in the extraction of molars are as follows:
1. The tooth extraction begins with the process of numbing the tooth, gum and the tissue surrounding it.
Three basic steps are normally done that include insertion of the needle, placement of the needle and depositing the anesthetic.
2. Usually when the tooth is to be extracted the doctor enlarges the socket before he can separate the tooth from the ligament. Usually, the bone that encases the tooth is spongy.
Then with certain and specific movements, the tooth is moved. Eventually, there is enough space and the tooth is separated from the ligament.
What if The Teeth Hurt and Cannot be Extracted Right Away?
Sometimes in molars and premolars, there might be a swelling, infection or intense pain.
Therefore, in such cases, the extraction should be carried out right away.
Most often antibiotics are prescribed to keep the infection from spreading.
Hence, the extraction is performed using the following steps
1. local anesthesia is given to ensure the tooth removal without any discomfort
2. a minor surgery is performed where the tissue and the bone around the tooth are removed
3. after this surgery the tooth can be clearly extracted from the socket
4. stitches may be needed to close the site and promote healing
It usually takes about three to five days for the healing and recovery of the molar tooth.
For two to three days the patient is advised to skip meals and use soft foods or liquids.
Moreover, foods like yogurt, rice, popcorn, nuts should be avoided.
Potential Risks and Complications of Teeth Removal Surgery
Teeth removal surgery is a low-risk procedure.
However, sometimes complications may occur due to tooth extraction.
These are discussed below.
This is created when a blood clot is dislodged.
Thus, it can become inflamed and painful.
Moreover, it usually develops between two and five days after the extraction.
Therefore, you should contact your dentist immediately if it occurs.
Some other serious complications are rare but can include injury to the adjacent teeth, prolonged numbness, or problem with the temporomandibular joint.
Tooth Extraction: Caring For Your Mouth
Post-procedural care is important after the procedure. After getting the tooth removed certain care should be taken.
Below are some things mentioned that can be done:
- Eat soft and healthy food
- Drink plenty of liquids
- Gently brush your teeth or avoid brushing if there is bleeding
- If there is bleeding, rinse the toothpaste
- Keep the extraction site clean. That could be done with a salted glass of water.
Below are certain things to be avoided.
- Do not drink with a straw
- Try not to drink any hot liquids such as tea or coffee
- Do not smoke
In case of any emergency, seek medical advice and call the dentist. This might include:
- The pain becomes very severe or persists for more than 24 hours
- It is almost impossible to control or stop the bleeding
- Around the extraction site, the swelling worsens
- There is itching or rashes after taking the medicine
This article sums up why teeth are extracted. Some of these reasons may be cavities, tooth decay, infection, swelling, etc.
You can use warm salt water, ice packs to get rid of swelling after the surgery.
The procedure for the removal of the tooth i.e. for incisors, canines, molars (including premolars, molars and wisdom teeth) has been explained step by step.
All the teeth are important and they all play an important role as some of these are used for chewing and tearing, for maintaining the jaw alignment and for grinding and clenching.
The oral health and hygiene are important as it helps maintain our overall health. it is better to visit the dentist on regular basis rather than visiting after a year only to find out having a bigger problem by the end of the day.
Thinking that going to a dentist regularly will cost you more money than visiting the doctor after a year, then think again.
Just as our physical health is important our oral health is also important. So dear reader, it is better to have a regular dental checkup than to visit a dentist with a serious condition and get your teeth removal surgery timely.
If you want to have a teeth removal surgery then you can book an appointment at AlQudrah Medical Center for Dental Surgery and Extraction.