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Teeth Scaling: Procedure, Need and Benefits

Teeth Scaling: Procedure, Need and Benefits

by Azka Munir · July 27, 2021

Are your gums bleeding lately? This can be a sign of gingivitis turning into periodontal disease. Your dentist may suggest getting Teeth Scaling and Root Planing to treat it.

Plaque builds up near your gums to form calculus.

You cannot simply remove that using a brush but will require an extensive cleaning treatment.

Keep reading to know about this treatment and why should you get it.


What is Teeth Scaling?

This procedure is the thorough cleaning of teeth and gums but is a little more extensive than routine cleaning.

Alongside root planing, the procedure of dental scaling becomes a deep cleaning.

It can remove stubborn calculus and treat plus prevent gum disease.

You may require more than one visit for a complete treatment.

what is teeth scaling


First, your dentist will check the severity of your problem.

This will help them determine if you require more than one session.

Furthermore, they may use a local anesthetic to ease your pain and discomfort though it will probably be minimal.

This procedure has two parts.

Step 1

The first step involves dental scaling.

Your dentist uses ultrasonic instruments and hand instruments to reach deep into the gum line.

The ultrasound dental instruments use sonic vibrations that help remove all plaque, bacteria and stubborn tartar from the surface of the tooth and below the gum line.

Or they will use the hand instruments such as a scaler, manually.

It can remove the bacteria and plaque too but both ultrasonic and manual instruments can work better together, breaking down particles more efficiently.

Your dentist goes all the way down to remove any pockets forming inside your teeth and gums.

Hence, scaling is all about removing the plaque and tartar, thoroughly cleaning all of your teeth and gums.

Though, root planing goes deeper. Let’s find out how!

root paling using periodontal probe


The next step is root planing where your dentist smoothens the rough roots of your teeth.

They use a scaling tool to smoothen the root surfaces.

This helps in preventing the bacteria and plaque from attaching to the gum line.

Hence, it also facilitates the adhesion of the gum with teeth.

Gum tissue inflammation decreases as it prevents the accumulation of bacteria, therefore, the gum heals and sticks more firmly to the teeth.

There may also be a risk of infection hence, your dentist will directly apply an antibiotic agent or other medicine directly into the gum during the procedure.

This is known as host modulation.

It not only reduces the chance of infection but also heals the damage caused by gum disease.

Or they may recommend you oral antibiotics to take for a few days to eliminate the risk of infection.


Post Procedure

Your dentist may administer medicine directly to your gums or prescribe it to take in the following week.

This alongside an oral rinse helps to deal with pain, inflammation and prevent infection.

Your gums are likely to bleed, swell up, feel tender alongside sensitive teeth.

dental aftercare

Hence, you will require a follow-up appointment to examine if you are good to go or need more treatment.

Most people will have firm, pink gums by the second session.

They will examine the pockets to see if they got smaller or not.

Furthermore, if the gums stop bleeding then that is also a good sign.

However, if the pockets got deeper instead then it signals the need for periodontal surgery.

While getting scaling and root planing will reduce the extent of surgery required, you will still need it if scaling does not help much.

Though it is much easier to prevent periodontal disease than it is to get its treatment.

Preventing Periodontal Disease

After scaling and root planing you can start taking care of your oral hygiene afresh.

Do not skip the mains: Brushing and flossing.

  • Keep brushing your teeth twice a day using a soft toothbrush.
  • Use a fluoride toothpaste to clean your teeth
  • Follow the proper technique for brushing.
  • Place it at a 45-degree angle to your teeth and clean under the gumline.
  • Move the toothbrush in circular motions rather than horizontal and vertical motion.
  • Also, remember to replace your toothbrush after every 3 months when the bristles become hard.
  • Do not forget to clean the tongue that accumulates bacteria and contributes to bad breath.
  • Floss once daily using a string floss or a water flosser.
  • Floss properly between dental work such as implants, dental veneers, crowns and bridges

Besides, keep using fluoride or antimicrobial mouthwash to keep the bacteria at bay.

Fluoride products such as toothpaste and mouthwash will also provide enamle protection to prevent a cavity and then gum disease.

Furthermore, you should continue eating healthy food with fewer sugars, starch and carbohydrates.

Limit your intake of coffee, tea and sodas that can facilitate the buildup of plaque.

Otherwise, you will not only have to get a scaling procedure but also a dental whitening in Sharjah.

It is also better to quit smoking to avoid the accumulation of plaque on your teeth.

While it is indeed hard to quit smoking and stop taking tobacco products, it is not impossible.

Falling back into smoking can render your dental treatments useless.

Moreover, it is important to continue visiting the dentist for your regular treatment so that your teeth are not left untreated.

If you have had a scaling treatment recently then you will require a periodontal maintenance cleaning schedule.

Regular dental cleaning will help to keep the treatment in check and allow the dentist to check if there are no new infections.

Hence, your dentist may schedule your cleaning appointments 3 to 4 months apart rather than 6 months away.


Need, Risks and Benefits

You can also opt for whitening treatments if your concern is only yellow teeth.

Though teeth scaling and polishing is required to clean plaque and tartar but not to whiten teeth.

Its main purpose is to treat chronic periodontal disease timely to prevent the accumulation of calculus.

teeth scaling need

The bacteria cause gums to pull away.

Hence, this forms pockets between gums and teeth.

Eventually, more bacteria can accumulate there and neither will your toothbrush reach there easily.

This condition can get worse and you may even get tooth loss.

You may also be susceptible to other dental problems such as bone and tissue loss and moving teeth.

They may also become loose and your gums will bleed.

Your bite can change, the position of permanent teeth can shift, you will have tender gums with inflammation and bad breath.

This can develop because of your poor eating and drinking habits as well as bad oral hygiene.

If you consume more sugars, starchy and spicy foods then it can result in gum disease.

Furthermore, hormonal changes, aging, smoking, family history and not brushing and flossing properly can lead to gum disease.

Certain medical conditions and medication can also worsen your oral health especially those that cause dry mouth.

That is where you will require deep cleaning but remember you cannot do teeth scaling at home.

Only a dental professional can do it using scalers.

healthy smile

Teeth Scaling Side Effects and Benefits

There are no significant side effects of this procedure and it is generally safe.

However, you may run a risk of infection.

Your dentist will put an antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs during your procedure or recommend it to you after the procedure.

This will help combat pain and inflammation.

Furthermore, they will recommend you an antibacterial mouthwash to clean your mouth in order to prevent infection.

Getting pain, having tender gums and sensitive teeth is normal.

However, consult your dentist if you:

  • feel a fever
  • your treatment area does not heal properly
  • your pain increases
  • gums bleed

These signs may indicate that you are having an infection.

Though any side effects will not last longer than a few weeks.

However, if you do not feel the pain and side effects subsiding then it is time to consult your dentist again.

As long as benefits go, it is one of the most beneficial treatments to eliminate gum pockets.

It can reduce their size by 0.5 millimeters.

Hence, as these pockets shrink then bacteria and plaque will not accumulate inside them.

Then you will also have a lesser risk of bone loss, tissue loss, tooth loss and shift of teeth and bite.

Therefore, you do not develop gum disease either.

Hence, you will need scaling to get rid of the gum pockets and the bacteria accumulating inside them.

This will help keep the bacteria from entering the pockets, shrink its size and treat the existing bacteria inside.

A deep cleaning helps to prevent you from even more serious oral health problems.

So Summing Up

Whenever you notice bleeding gums and yellowness in your teeth, it is time to visit your dentist.

They will check the severity of your issue and assess if you need to get more than one treatment session.

Even after the teeth scaling procedure you will require regular cleanings to check the progress of your treatment.

Hence, if you notice these signs then schedule your appointment with your dentist soon.

Also, let us know in the comments if you find this article useful.

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